Archives: child


bedtimestories_1356045cFictional works may contain made up characters and experiences, but that does not mean that they serve purely entertainment purposes. Whether for adults or children, reading fictional stories is beneficial in a number of ways. Today, we share with you some of the benefits of reading fiction. Grab some popcorn and a bottle of Coke please 🙂


This is perhaps the most obvious benefit of fiction. People read fiction for the entertainment, the thrill and the pleasure they derive from the story lines.


This may sound closely related to entertainment, but it is not quite the same. Reading a novel or story book helps the mind and body to relax. Those who appreciate the rhythm of language often find reading a book a very calming and relaxing experience.

Of all the activities available to children in particular, book reading is perhaps the most calming. It is no wonder that bedtimes are perfect times to read a story to a child. As an adult, you should give it a try too. You just might be surprised.

Development of vocabulary

If you want to add new words to your vocabulary so you can better express yourself, reading fictional works is a good way to go about it. They expose you to experiences outside of your everyday reality, thereby introducing new words that you would otherwise not have come across.

Stimulates imagination

A fictional work can take you vividly through an evening on the streets of Paris, or on a detailed trip around the Caribbean. While you may never have been to these places, a good novel or story book paints a clear picture in your mind by stimulating your imagination. An active imagination can be a great asset to you in learning, as well as in problem solving.

Now, you have a few reasons to pick up a book to read today, and to encourage your children to read too. Act on it. 1st Veritas has a number of good fictional works that your children and pupils will find engaging. You should check those out too.

Do be sure to have a nice day!


A man had one of those discussions with his pre-teen daughter. He kicked things off by asking her if she was involved in any extra-curricular activities in school. She replied that she was and went on to explain that she was interested in the sprints and jumps. The jumps include high jump, long jump, and triple jump. Apparently, she had discovered that she had strong legs and was good at those activities. However, she further went on to say to her father that she stopped participating because some senior year students were always making fun of participants. The mocking wasn’t a personal thing against her, but it affected her badly enough to make her withdraw.

The father saw an opportunity to teach his little girl one of life’s important lessons. So, he dived into his own history and narrated to her how at different stages of his own life, he had been ridiculed and discouraged by others. He told her how he had chosen not to give up at each of those times.

“In life, there will always be people who will make fun of you and ridicule whatever you do,”she told her as they walked down the quiet street. “You have to make up your mind that you will not let others discourage you from achieving your goals.” The father went on to point out why people often resort to mocking and ridiculing of others:

  • sometimes, they are just plain jealous that you are better at a task than they are
  • sometimes, they have personal issues that makes them feel better about their own lives when they mock others

He went on to say to her: “What people say in mockery is no reflection of who you are or what you can achieve. It is a reflection of who they are and their values. If you want to do something and achieve greatness at it, you have to learn to ignore those who mock you”

Pick up that new book and read. Learn that new language. Polish your diction and refine your poise. Learn that new skill and go excel. Keep learning and keep achieving, regardless of how hard anyone tries to discourage you.


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The semi-finals match between Germany and Brazil at the FIFA World Cup 2014 was a huge upset and a record breaker. No-one could have predicted it would go so bad for either of the two teams playing. Neither was an underdog at any level of football. Yet, when the match was over and the dust had cleared, Germany had carried the day with a 7-1 win over Brazil. Scandalous is a good way to describe it.

Someone has described it as a victory of organisation over talent. That is a good summary, and there are lessons to be gleaned if we break it down.

  • The Brazilian team was choke full of talented players
  • The Brazilian team was full of passionate players (did you see how they sang their national anthem lustfully?)
  • But the Germans were the better organised team
  • The Germans were the more disciplined team

It has been proven that important as talent and passion may be, discipline and organisation play a much more important role in self development and hence in succeeding than mere talent and passion do. In other words, the more disciplined and organised person stands a better chance of learning, developing new skills, getting better at a task, passing exams and succeeding in life.

Sure, if we have a talented, passionate person who also embraces discipline and is well organised, we would have someone who would be unbeatable. Michael Jackson sits at the top of the popular music world because in addition to his natural talent and passion, he imbibed discipline early in life and never walked away from it till death.

  • Draw up a study time table.
  • Draw up a reading list
  • Schedule your tutorial classes
  • Schedule your eating, rest and sleep periods
  • Schedule practice periods

Talent or not, you can excel. Talent or not, you must embrace a life of discipline. You must get organised. By so doing, you exponentially increase your chances of success.



It is great to have a desire to learn, and to dive into it whole-heartedly. It is good that we keep engaging our children, wards and students in better ways and with better tools for learning. Here are a few facts about the relationship between sleep and learning:

  • sleep is important to the growth and proper development of not just the body but the mind
  • sleep affects our co-ordination, and sleep-deprived people tend to be clumsier
  • sleep affects our ability to concentrate
  • sleep affects our ability to remember details

In summary, sleep is essential to the proper growth and development of the body as a whole – including the mind and our nervous system. This makes it an important factor in learning.

Depending on age, different people have different minimum sleep requirements necessary for healthy development and optimum performance.

  • Children between the ages of 5 and 11 need 10-11 hours of sleep a night
  • Children between the ages of 11 and 18 need 8.5-10 hours of sleep a night
  • Adults of 18 and above need at least 8 hours of sleep every night

The above age ranges and figures are not hard-coded but recommendations. We live in an age in which getting the minimum recommended amount of sleep gets to be underrated as something that is for weaklings and lazy people. Yet, it has been proven that the quality and quantity of sleep that we get are directly related to our mental sharpness, which directly impacts our ability to absorb and process information, as well as develop new skills.

Sleep matters.


Educational institutions and teachers are important and play a vital role in learning in every society. Yet, it has been proven that personal interest plays a very strong role in the learning process that life is. And if there is anything that personal interest does, it is that it motivates us to find out things on our own. It drives us into curiosity. It causes us to pursue knowledge.

It has been said that pursuit is the proof of desire. In other words, if something really interests you and you really want it, you will go after it.

Before this age, if you needed to learn by yourself, you had to visit a library every day, looking through the available book titles to sift which one has what you needed, then sit down for long hours day after day gleaning as much as you can from the titles you eventually selected. Sometimes, you had to repeat the process again and again till you found what you wanted. Today, technology has made it easier to learn by yourself.

Here are a few pointers:

  • using Google or other search engines, you can find out quick and dirty articles to break down any subject to you at whatever level of understanding you are – beginner, moderate or expert levels.
  • You can enrol online for a variety of online courses that allow you to learn from anywhere you are and at your own pace and in your own time.
  • Again, with the use of any search engine, you can find book titles that fit your learning needs in a matter of hours and you can order them right there online and have them delivered to you where you are

Learning has gotten a lot easier than it used to be. Now, even in situations where you have the benefit of a teacher, you can easily augment what you are learning from your instructor and become a much better equipped person.

So, here is the question: What have you learnt on your own recently?



Being custodians of our children’s education, teachers play a very vital role in the society. From the creche all the way up to higher institutions, teachers are at the core of the education of our children. This is why the subject of training , evaluation and re-training should be taken as a serious one.

It will not do to have teachers whose spoken and written English are below standard. That would be very counter-productive, as students will end up learning the wrong things. That is why the training of teachers should be a priority, and not an after-thought.

It does not help either that many people who end up studying education at the higher institution level do so as a last resort. Unable to secure admission for the courses that they are really interested in, they settle for Education because of lower cut-off marks and easier entry requirements. Perhaps something is wrong with such a system? We end up with teachers who are not particularly wanting to teach in the first place, but are teachers by reason of circumstances.

That is bad enough already. Consider also that many of them are unable to put a flawless sentence together in English, and the issues quickly get compounded. We also live in a world where things change fast. As such, the need for evaluations and re-training as often as possible. The idea is to spot individuals who need to be chucked out f the system, as well as individuals who can get better with some more training.

If anything, Nigeria needs a much stronger educational system, and not one in which any and every one can walk in to teach. Things are already bad as they are. Implementing strong evaluation and re-training processes into the system can only be a good thing. Otherwise, we can say goodbye to any hopes of things getting better. Without sound teachers, there can be no such hope.


images (1)Traditionally, intelligence has been associated with certain fields and disciplines – science, technology, law, accounting, finance, and the like. Many people grew up with the impression that they were not intelligent unless they excelled at certain subjects. Children who clearly possessed skills outside of those special fields were not considered particularly intelligent.

We probably all had that one classmate whose grades were consistently poor but who would effortlessly memorise the lyrics of every new song and mater the dance steps within a couple of days. Sadly, our educational systems didn’t consider such types intelligent. Perhaps even worse is the fact that today, that sentiment still survives and thrives.

An affinity for music, acting or even football is a different kind of intelligence different from what obtains with architecture, engineering or literature. Football, for example, is a highly skilled game that requires a great deal of mental juggling. The amount of mental and nervous co-ordination that is involved in intercepting a ball and dribbling through an opposing team is one that many scientists and business geniuses are unable to pull off. So, the question is, are footballers any less intelligent than scientists?

The truth is that there are really no unintelligent people. There are just people who are gifted differently. Once we acknowledge and accept this, the next step is to see how to modify our educational system to this reality. Right now, the way the system stands and the way students are graded, certain kinds of gifted people have little or no chance of ending up with good grades. The system just doesn’t reckon with their skills.

As someone has said, if a fish and a dog are both given a swimming test, the fish will win for the simple reason that the test fits its skills and abilities well. We need to start recognising people for their specific and unique skills set. Everyone is intelligent in some way and each person needs to be judged and evaluated on their merits.



“Curiosity killed the cat”, is an old saying. It is used to caution people who let curiosity get the better of them. Here in Nigeria, our society is not traditionally encouraging of people who get curious. People are encouraged to stay with the lakes and the rivers that they know and are used to. As for the things that are strange or appear to have no explanation, we label them “dark” or “evil”. The evil forest. The dark river. The general attitude towards these things is that of keeping off. Don’t be curios; keep off and stay safe.

Yet, curiosity is a great driving force in learning. Whether it s Isaac Newton, some other great inventor, or the everyday person who discovers some new phenomenon or brings new ideas about how to do things, we will find that curiosity is key. So, an apple fell off a tree. Why not pick it up, clean it, eat and go on with your life? But curiosity asked why. Why did this fall from the tree? Why do apples and indeed all fruit fall to the ground? And thus began a quest for knowledge that has resulted in a discovery that has become one of the foundations for physics.

The question, Why? It has siblings like How? When? Where? What? In multiple fields around the world, students, teachers and practitioners keep asking these questions. It is the way forward. Curiosity is key to learning and should be encouraged.

Why does this stream have two outlets, and how is it that one outlet brings out cool water and the other warm? Questions. What can be done with this phenomenon? More questions. While curiosity may have killed the cat in that old story, it is because of curiosity that human civilization makes progress. It is how we learn best. When we go hunting out information and solutions for ourselves because we need convincing and because we need answers, we are at our best in the learning curve.


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Perhaps most people – if not everyone – remembers songs like ‘Twinkle, twinkle, little star”, “The two black birds”, and “Nine green bottles”?

We barely ever forget the things that we learn when music is used as the medium of instruction. From our toddler years till adulthood, music burns things vividly into our minds. Sometimes, it even appears that we forget, but a little trigger and the memories flood back. While persistence, determination and other factors are vital to learning, the media through which the information is delivered is also key, and music as a medium has been effective for centuries.

Why Learn Through Songs and Singing?

So, what is it about songs and singing that makes learning so much fun? Here are a few points:

  1. Music itself is regarded as a language – a universal one that exists in every culture.
  2. It is a natural medium: all over the world, parents sing to their children  every day.
  3. There is a considerable scientific evidence that shows us how songs can help young learners acquire grammar, vocabulary and improve spelling too.
  4. It is fun: The playful use of ideas, words and phrases in a catchy tune and rhythm make a song a fun way to learn.
  5. Memorization: Many of the words and phrases in a song are repetitive, making it easier for anyone to memorize them. Songs have the uncanny ability of getting stuck in our heads. Tunes and lyrics often infiltrate our thoughts and play over and over in our minds. All of these help anyone memorize vocabularies and phrases within the shortest possible time.

The above points are not exhaustive, as there is more to be said about learning through music. So, next time you want anyone to memorize anything in the shortest possible time, perhaps putting it in song isn’t a bad idea.

PS: Check out the range of First Veritas instructional materials in audio and video formats.


A bedtime story is a traditional form of storytelling, where a story is told to a child at bedtime to prepare the child for sleep. Bedtime stories can be read from a book, or may be made up. The stories tend to be short, with a happy ending.bedtimestories_1356045c

Bedtime stories have many advantages for both adults and children. We will focus on the benefits to the child.

  • sharing a bedtime story with a child builds their vocabulary
  • sharing a bedtime story with a child helps the child to love reading
  • sharing a bedtime story with a child promotes their motor skills, through learning to turn the pages
  • sharing a bedtime story with a child helps improve the child’s memory
  • sharing a bedtime story with a child  reduces the child’s stress levels and can help with better sleep
  • sharing bedtime stories with a child builds a greater bond between parent and child

Telling bedtime stories may not be a popular way of life here, and especially in today’s fast-paced work setting. However, perhaps a parent can fix a day or two a week – possibly weekends – when they can read or tell stories to their children.

There are popular folk tales, as well as stories from other cultures, that almost any child will love and enjoy. Many children stories can be sourced online and from books. First Veritas has a range of story books that you might want to have a look at. The very nice thing about children and stories is that should they like a story, they want to hear it again and again, so there is no pressure to come up with something new each night..

Do you tell your child bedtime stories? Did you get told bedtime stories when you were younger? Feel free to share your experiences in the comments section below.